BRIGADIER GENERAL CHARLES MOSS DUKE JNR.
- Apollo 11 Support Crew & Capcom
- Apollo 13 Backup Lunar Module Pilot
- Apollo 16 Lunar Module Pilot
- Apollo 17 Backup Lunar Module Pilot
- Space Shuttle Operations
- Brigadier General USAF (Ret)
- Businessman & Entrepreneur
"As an American, it was my honor to serve my country by going to the moon aboard Apollo 16 and becoming the 10th man to walk on the lunar surface. We can all share in the accomplishments of the Apollo program, just as we shared that special moment when on July 20, 1969, we watched the televised pictures of the Commander of Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong, as he took his “...giant leap for mankind.” ON THE MOON *"
In 1972, Apollo 16 astronaut, Charlie Duke, became the tenth man to walk on the moon. Duke, along with astronaut John Young, performed the Apollo mission with an enthusiasm and humor that entranced their vast TV audience. He has been delighting audiences ever since.
Gifted with the combined abilities of storytelling and challenging others, Duke is in demand worldwide as a keynote and motivational speaker.
Here is a man who has set goals and attained them. Duke is motivated, dedicated, and honorable. He is a man who not only entertains, but encourages and inspires others to reach their goals and beyond.
In 1969 Duke was a member of the astronaut support crew for Apollo 10. He then served as capcom for Apollo 11, the first landing on the Moon, where his distinctive southern drawl became familiar to viewers around the world. As capcom, he became the voice of a Mission Control made nervous by a long landing that almost expended all of the lunar module Eagle's fuel.
Duke's famous first words to the Apollo 11 crew on the surface of the moon were flustered
"Roger, Twank... Tranquility, we copy you on the ground. You got a bunch of guys about to turn blue. We're breathing again. Thanks a lot!"
COLONEL ALFRED MERRILL WORDEN
Col. Alfred Merrill Worden, was born in Jackson, Michigan, on February 7, 1932.
He received a bachelor of military science degree from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1955 and master of science degrees in Astronautical and Aeronautical Engineering and Instrumentation Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1963. He received an honorary doctorate of science in Astronautical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1971.
Selecting the United States Air Force after graduating from West Point, he received flight training at Moore Air Base, Texas; Laredo Air Force Base, Texas; and Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida.
He attended Randolph Air Force Base Instrument Pilots Instructor School in 1963 and served as a pilot and armament officer from March 1957 to May 1961 with the 95th Fighter Interceptor Squadron at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland.
Prior to his arrival for duty at the Johnson Space Center, he served as an instructor at the Aerospace Research Pilots School at Edwards Air Force Base, California - from which he graduated in September 1965. As an instructor, he trained some of the men who would later become fellow astronauts. He is also a December 1964 graduate of the Empire Test Pilots School in Farnborough, England.
He has logged in excess of 4,000 hours flying time--which includes 2,500 hours in jets.
Col. Worden was one of the 19 astronauts selected by NASA in April 1966, in the 5th group of astronauts selected. He served as a member of the astronaut support crew for the Apollo 9 flight and as backup command module pilot for the Apollo 12 flight.
Worden served as command module pilot for Apollo 15, July 26 - August 7, 1971. His companions on the flight were David R. Scott, spacecraft commander, and James B. Irwin, lunar module commander. Apollo 15 was the fourth manned lunar landing mission and the first to visit and explore the moon's Hadley Rille and Apennine Mountains, which are located on the southeast edge of Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains). Apollo 15 achievements include: Largest payloads placed in earth and lunar orbits; first scientific instrument module bay flown and operated on an Apollo spacecraft; longest lunar surface stay time (the lunar module, "Falcon," remained on ground for 66 hours and 54 minutes); longest lunar surface EVA (Scott and Irwin logged 18 hours and 35 minutes each during three excursions onto the lunar surface); longest distance traversed on lunar surface; first use of lunar roving vehicle; first use of a lunar surface navigation device (mounted on Rover-1); first sub satellite launched in lunar orbit; and first EVA from a command module out of Earth orbit for which Col. Worden still holds a record for the furthest deep space EVA.
Apollo 15 was the first expedition with a lunar rover vehicle (used by Scott and Irwin who went to the surface of the moon) and the first flight in which all three astronauts were from the same university -University of Michigan
During 1972-1973, Worden was Senior Aerospace Scientist at the NASA Ames Research Center, and from 1973 to 1975, he was chief of the Systems Study Division at Ames in California.
After retirement from active duty in 1975, Worden became President of Maris Worden Aerospace, Inc., and was Vice-President of BF Goodrich Aerospace Brecksville, Ohio, in addition to other positions within the aerospace and aviation industries.
Worden currently serves as Chairman of the Board for the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation in Florida.
APOLLO ASTRONAUT ENTHRALS SCOTTISH AUDIENCES
Apollo 15 command module pilot Al Worden made an entertaining and well attended visit to Scotland during 19-22 May 2011. The event was one several marking the 40th anniversary of his historic flight to the Moon with NASA colleagues Dave Scott and Jim Irwin in July 1971 — a flight which is still regarded one of the greatest expeditions of space exploration ever undertaken.
Al Worden first spoke to a large group of Lanarkshire school pupils at New Wellwynd
Church in Airdrie on Friday 20 May. The children gave him a great foot-stamping
welcome, listened in fascination to the account of his space flight, and bombarded
him questions. Worden is no stickler for formalities - his catchphrase is ‘call me Al’. In the evening he gave an illustrated public lecture at Glasgow Caledonian University. He recalled his extraordinary ride on a giant Saturn V rocket into Earth orbit, with a craft so heavy that the final stage barely scraped out of the atmosphere into an orbit of just 90 miles altitude.
At this height, about 10 miles below the standard for previous missions, there is
significant atmospheric drag, frictional heating and rapid orbital decay. So it was
with some relief that the SIVB stage was lit up again one-and-a-half orbits later to fire
the crew and their craft off to the Moon. With the Earth shrinking rapidly in the
background, Al described how he separated his Command Service Module from the final
SIVB stage and turned to extract the lunar lander from its launch position. He next set
up Apollo 15 in a ‘barbecue roll’ aligned vertically to their flight path, to ensure it was
not damaged by the intense solar heat. Al and his crewmates Dave Scott and the
late Jim Irwin pioneered the long-duration Moon missions which were the culmination
of NASA’s manned lunar landing programme. They were the first crew to
spend three days on the lunar surface, undertaking extensive scientific research and
venturing many miles away from their base in an electric Lunar Rover vehicle. Their
findings resulted in major advances in the study of moon rocks, the lunar environment and the origins of the Moon.
Al went on to show photographs of Apollo 15’s extraordinary mountain landing site at
Hadley-Apennine, and explain the scientific investigations he undertook. While Scott and Irwin explored the surface of the Moon’s Palus Putredinis at the foot of the Apennine Mountains, Worden spent three days alone in lunar orbit, earning him the title of ‘the loneliest man in history’.
There he operated a battery of cameras and spectrometers to map and measure
many aspects of the Moon’s surface, and released a small scientific sub-satellite into
lunar orbit. The stars as he saw them from the dark side of the Moon were a dazzling
sheet of light, so that he could barely pick out his navigation guidance stars which were
so prominent from Earth.
Then Al told of his pioneering spacewalk in deep space, poised awesomely between
Earth and the Moon. Most memorably, after he’d done his work retrieving film canisters,
he floated back to the rear of the Service Module, slipped into his foot restraints, and
snatched a few moments on his own in open space, hanging silently between two worlds.
The next morning started with a questionand-answer session at the Glasgow Marriott
hotel. This offered the rare opportunity for friendly conversation in a relaxed setting with one of the few Earthlings who have travelled to the Moon. Al was energetic, lively and sharp as a pin — with great recall of his extraordinary achievements all those years
On the Saturday evening, a sumptuous dinner at the Marriott was followed by Al’s
after-dinner talk and an auction of space memorabilia, including such exclusives as
an autographed photo of Buzz Aldrin, second man on the Moon. Guests travelled
from around Scotland, England, Belgium and Northern Ireland for the event.
In between lectures, discussion forums, raffles and autograph signings, Al took time
out to visit some traditional Scottish hostelries in Airdrie and Glasgow. He is a
warm and friendly guy, a great conversationalist, and if he had any trouble
with some of the West of Scotland dialects in the company, he rarely showed it!
All in, it was a truly great event, and a rare opportunity to meet and talk with one of
only 18 people alive who have made the journey from the Earth to the Moon.
The above article was written by Ken MacTaggart and appeared in BIS Spaceflight magazine.
Al Worden enjoyed the article and sent us the photo below
and another photo of Al dancing!